Sore gums usually occur to people who have poor oral hygiene and oral health and it typically occurs in adults and teenagers. I have written this article to give in-depth information on the definition and what causes the gums to be sore and how a person would be able to treat it.
Gum soreness usually results from bleeding, pain, redness, sores, swelling, and ulcers in the mouth. They are commonly caused by infection or inflammation of the gums as a result of poor oral health and hygiene. The symptoms may either be constant or varied and might worsen during activities like drinking or eating. Gum pain may occur and would most likely cause a burning, dull, sharp, stabbing, or throbbing feeling with intensities ranging from mild to severe.
Depending on what has caused the gum soreness, they may be located on only a small area or on the gum line. If bleeding and swelling occurs, it might affect all the other parts of the gums.
The Causes Of Sore Gums
The following are the most common reasons for soreness in the gums.
During teething, teeth force their way through the gums and this typically begins in children six months in age. Although it is a natural process, it can cause the gums to be very sore. Teething gets completed during childhood (with the exception of the wisdom teeth, which appears in a person’s early twenties or early teenage years.
- Impacted Teeth
An impacted tooth is a tooth which cannot fully grow to the surface of the gums because it is blocked either by the jaw bone or another tooth. This can cause pain, and can only be relieved by having a dentist extract the tooth. Wisdom teeth are a good example of impacted teeth.
Any type of impact to the gums or teeth with a hard, solid object might cause soreness in the gums. These types of injuries are usually met by people who are into sports. This is the reason why mouth guards are used by athletes so as possible impacts are absorbed; thus, reducing the chance of injury to the gums and teeth.
- Gum Disease
The two types of gum disease which are known to be the leading cause of soreness in the gums are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the result of a gum infection caused by tartar on the teeth right next to the gum line. Periodontitis, on the other hand, happens when gingivitis goes untreated and causes the attachment of teeth to the bones to weaken.
- Oral Cancers
Cancer in the mouth is usually accompanied by soreness in the gums, along with bad breath and moving teeth. It is commonly found in people who chew tobacco or smoke cigarettes but can also happen in non-smokers.
- Mouth Ulcers
If the mouth sore is located on the gums, it can cause soreness and pain as well. It can also happen if the mouth ulcer is located in a place where the gums can rub against it.
Home Care Treatment For Sore Gums
(1) Adopt a healthy oral-care routine. This is essential in preventing the buildup of plaque and can help in the treatment of soreness in the gums. Avoid heavy brushing and flossing since it can contribute to the soreness. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and avoid applying too much pressure when brushing.
(2) Use herbal tea as an alternative to mouthwash. Swishing the tea around in your mouth can help in the lubrication of the gums and teeth. Antioxidants can be found in most teas and help in warding off bacteria and plaque buildup. Avoid using bottled green tea as it contains sugar.
(3) Make sure to drink about six glasses of water on a daily basis to properly maintain hydration. Aloe vera gel applied to the gums can help moisturize them.
(4) Medicated mouthwash can help in getting rid of bacteria which might be contributing to the soreness. Make sure to only use the recommended amount since it might destroy the good backteria in the mouth.
(5) Consider having a soft diet until after the soreness subsides. Chewing hard food might only lead to more swelling and irritation. Spicy and sugary foods should also be avoided to speed up the healing process.
What Can A Dentist Do?
Dentists can help patients treat soreness in the gums. They could start by performing basic tooth cleaning. The dentist removes inaccessible or hidden debris on the teeth followed with a good polishing so that microscopic scratches that might be harboring bacteria can be eliminated.
Dentists might also scale the teeth which is usually a slow and unpleasant job. This involves using a fine, narrow pick to scrape away the formations of tartar under the gums.
Prescribed treatments are often recommended by dentists or dental hygienists depending on the level of soreness in the gums. These treatments often include antibiotics which can help in fighting off the bacterial infections present.
In a nutshell, treating sore gums at home can be readily done but if the soreness proves to be too much, then it won’t hurt to give your dentist a visit.